| 1. Introduction. | 2 |
| 2. Industry. | 3 |
| 3. Agriculture. | 8 |
| 4. Cultural construction. | 10 |
| | |
| 5. Assistance to the front and the liberated areas. | 13 |
| | |
| 6. In the battles for the Motherland. | 16 |
| 7. List of used literature. | 21 | p>
1. Introduction p>
June 22, 1941 Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union.
The country was in mortal danger. To defend the homeland climbed allits peoples,
Workers Bashkir ASSR unanimously expressed their determination to fightenemy to complete victory. Team of the Ufa engine-building factoryfor example, gathered at the rally, said: "We are ready to stand in the Red
Army and defend the freedom and independence of the motherland to the last dropblood! ".
thousands of patriots voluntarily joined the armed forces happy. For the firsttwo weeks of the war in the cities of Ufa, Beloretsk, Tirlyan, Sterlitamak, Baymak ofvoluntary departure at the front have about 4 thousand people. In each city,district party organs, military commissioners launched a military -mobilization activities. In the early days of the war were conscripted tens ofthousands of citizens for military service. In general mobilization had severalmobilizations Communists.
Since October 1, 1941, according to the GKO decree of the USSR, carriedcompulsory military training for men aged 16 to 50 years. Back to TopDecember 1941 in the general education system, trained 83 thousandsoldiers. In February 1942, in the general education system are Komsomols -molsko-youth division for the preparation of tank destroyers,machine gunners, machine gunners, mortar, cavalry, sharpshooterssignalers. In Bashkortostan in 1942-1944 gg. in such units wereproduced 30,6 thousand soldiers in various specialties. To preparesnipers, communications and nurses recruited as girls andwomen.
the same time provided training fighting reserves organization Osoaviahima,Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Operate in the threeAeroclub, three of cavalry, two infantry club, many clubs
PVHO (anti-chemical defense) Students in higher education, technician-drain,senior classes of secondary schools passed the standards for defense icons:
"Ready for Labor and Defense. "Voroshilov Marksman," "Ready to healthDefense ".
Already in July 1942 on the territory of the republic in the Urals MilitaryDistrict (from December 1941. - in the South-Ural Military District)formed infantry, artillery divisions and regiments of the fall of 1941newly formed (one rifle) division went to the front. ManyMr. battalions his mouth from spare rifle and machine-gununits, located in the Bashkir.
addition to general military formations, to address the Soviet T-bills in the winter 1941-1942n. in the republic of Bashkortostan were created two cavalry divisions.
Bashkir people sent in these days the connection of his best sons, gavehorses, fodder, military equipment. The commander of the 112 th Bashkirkavdivichii was appointed veteran, Colonel MM Shaymuratov, commandersregiments were experienced career officers of the Red Army TT. Kusimov, GA
Nafikov. GD Makaeu. Key positions of political workers of both divisionsstaffed with personnel from the party organs.
One of the divisions (112-I) in the spring of 1942 went to the front, personnel,horses and other equipment (113th) divisions were transferred to pre -Manning other cavalry formations of the army.
I will come to the mobilization of manpower, to the end of 1944 for the needs of the frontwas sent to 5 thousand cars, 750 tractors, over 71 thousand horses,
13,2 thousand carts, a lot of food. P>
2. Industry p>
Since the beginning of the war the Republic, are our national economy needs warsent every effort to strengthen the power of the Red Army.
It was also necessary to quickly deploy and put into operation a number oflarge and medium-sized enterprises, relocated here from the occupiedenemy of the western regions of the Soviet Union. In the Urals wasrelocated 667 businesses. In Bashkortostan also arrived 172 industrialenterprises, individual shops and facilities. They were housed II cities: Ufa,
Sterlitamak, Belorezk. For accommodation businesses only in Ufa wasallocated 75 thousand square meters. meters of production space. In most casesEquipment evacuated enterprises located on the sites of existingfactories. Placed in the Republic of enterprise engineeringwith local industry of Bashkortostan were complexes plants.
Translated food processing and light industries are located onexisting reserve base, and remove equipment in these sectorsfound application in existing plants, and served for a considerableenhance their cheaply.
selfless, valiant labor workers, engineeringworkers in a short time have created the largest in the Soviet Union MotorsPlant, uniting some of the industry.
In the grim days of summer and autumn of 1941 the working class Bashkiria solved anotherresponsible task. On the development of military products have switched allenterprises, ranging from small to large plants: master release min.shells, grenades, bombs and other products. Ufa locomotiveplant started production broneploschadok and armored trains. New Specieshigh-octane grades of gasoline, motor oil, kerosene mastered the Bashkirrefiners. Fought hard for the development of a new range of productsBeloretsky metallurgists. Beloretsky staleprovolochny plant began to produceAircraft cables, springs, ball bearing wire.
Tirlyansky Metal Rolling "input quality began to give steel sheetfor defense plants. Light, food, forestry, local industry andfishing co-operatives also have restructured production for the needs of the front.
Sewing and shoe factories moved to issue uniforms, shoes,camouflage coveralls. Local industry producing for the army hand grenades andprojectiles, sledge-scraper.
In the first months of the war unfolded finding and using localFuel: natural gas, peat, lignite coal. By the end of 1941, sharplyincreased production and consumption of gas. The second half of 1942gas consumption in the country has increased 46 times compared with the prewarperiod. By the beginning of 1943, the industrial structure of Bashkortostan widelybranched, and was represented by all industrial people commissariats
leading role in the industry turned to mechanical engineering. Oil andRefining took second place, and steel - the third, the food --fourth. Every year, went on increasing the productive powerindustry.
example, machine-building industry, in essence, was established duringwar. But in 1943 the volume of the CE product was the same asProduction of all other industries. If in 1941. levelproduction sickened in 1940 increased by 5 times, then in 1942 .- in 21,3 times, andin 1943 .- already in 31,5 times. Machine-Tool Plant. Lenin in
Sterlitamak, the previously mostly boring machines, has masteredproduction of a number of sloimyh machines: radial drilling, almachno -boring, essential to the defense industry plants.
For the successful implementation of special tasks of the Government to equip theengineering plants with the latest high-performance machine tools factoryI in 1943 received a high reward homeland - the Order of Lenin.
By 1943 was enacted happy new Chemicalindustry. Be a leading part in the "Second Baku" Oilpromppshlennost republic. In 1943, the opening KinzebulatovskogoField radically improved the performance of oil.
next leap in oil production related to the republic Tuymazy. On the slopes
Narashtau. September 26, 1944 well number 100 gave Devonian oil.
Discoverers of the Devonian oil Bashkirii MZ Maltsev, GM Zoloeva, AA
Trofimchuk, AN Mustafin, IS Tkachenko, SI Kuvykina and others hadawarded the State Prize of the USSR.
Almost half times increased production of steel, cast iron at BeloretskMetallurgical Combine. In general, gross outputincreased here during the war by 53%
rapidly increased its rate of production of electrical power industrycomprising seven evacuees refineries. They are produced mainlydefense products: electrical equipment for tanks and airplanes, appliancesfor warships, electroacoustic devices, cordlessbatteries, etc. Only one plant, for example produced 20 types of equipmentconnection.
Chemical Industry in 1943, was enriched with the commissioning of a numbernew, well-equipped plants, essentialfor the national economy. Was put into operation a plant naturalrubber, which put early as 1943, several hundred tons of products.
richest in the USSR, the South Ural bauxite mines have given the country a fewtens of thousands of tons of raw aluminum and steel industry.
on the needs of the front worked wood industry of the republic.
During the war years was put into operation a number of light industry. With fiveto twenty enterprises in time of war has increased the local industry.
By 1943 production of consumer goods reached 50% of all productsindustry.
Along with a major state industry and a major contributionincrease the output for the front, to supply the populationhas made during the war years fishing cooperatives of the country. She releasedproducts on 63,4% more than in 1940, including Product wideconsumption of more than 66.5%
Thus, the industry of Bashkortostan not only constantly increasedIssue of arms, ammunition, uniforms, food, butincreased its production capacity. Industry of the Republic by the end of
World War II rose in its development to new heights.
All this was achieved through the selfless work of the working class
Bashkir ASSR. Despite the fact that during the war, declined slightlylevel of his skills and cultural and technical training, he showedunique examples of selfless labor. From the first days of the war unfoldedmass movement for the rapid development of military technology and products.
Many began to work for myself and gone to the front comrade. Inpredmayskie days of 1942. Ufa Engine-Building Plant was one of thethe first initiators of the All-Union socialist competition, and team
Ufa refinery turned to the oil called fordeployment of competition in this industry. The second half of 1942.absolute majority of industrial workers and builders of Bashkortostan wereAll-Union competition participants.
in the republic were picked up by the initiative and the method of E. Baryshnikova EP Agarkova.
Selflessly worked for the young republic in August 1944. Bashkiriaemployed 2,421 youth teams. 816 front-line teams, 4242 dvuhsotnika.
By 1944 the Soviet state, commending the contribution of workers
Bashkiria, awarded orders and medals of the Soviet Union Workers!Engineering - about 382 people, the oil industry - 195,
Electrical Industry - 42, the timber industry - 49, and local foodIndustry 10. During the war medals of the Soviet Union wereawarded to 920 workers in industry. Ufa Engine-Building Plantduring these years was awarded the challenge Red Banner T-bills 23 times,
Ufa refinery 17 times. After the war the Red Banner T-Billswas transferred them to perpetual possession of such an honor awarded to 1 st fishing
"Tuymazyneft", "Tuimazinsky construction management, Uchalinskiy minetrust "Bashzoloto" Ufa Engine-Building Plant during the war years wastwice awarded the Order of Lenin and Red Banner of Labor, UfaOil and Sterlitamakskij stankostroitepny-plants --Order of Lenin. p>
Since the beginning of the war in agriculture Bashkiria current difficultsituation. By 1943 the number of able-bodied farmers comparedwith pre-war period has decreased by 218 thousand people, or 31%. In the Red
Army and partly in the industry have been raised mostskilled section of farmers. The number of men involved incollective farm production has fallen by more than three times.
much reduced mechanical and the living resources of tax farms since 1941,June 1, 1944 the front was sent to 72,462 horses. le1kovyhcars - 181 trucks - 4878, tractor-734, and many othertechnology.
sharply raised the question of staffing of agricultural production, T for atfront was designed much of the mechanics, foremen,chairmen of collective farms, etc. In early 1942 did not have more than 3,5 thousandtractor. 1,4 thousand combine and their assistants.
But even in these conditions, as well as in industry, including agricultural laborersEconomy unfolded socialist emulation. In Bashkortostan in 1942contest among 1200 farms in 1943 - 1550 collective farms and 40areas. In general, the collective farmers tried to limit myself in allbut plans to implement the supply of agricultural products. Steels knownnames of the foremost N. Salamatin, F. Kagarov addicts, A. Chueva and manythem.
However, farms are constantly coping with government jobs,were few. Gross grain harvest in Bashkortostan decreased from 180 million pounds in
1940 to 72 million tons in 1944, or 2,3 times
Plan grain supplies from the harvest 1944 to January 1945 was made only on
53% continued reduction in livestock numbers. Only in 1944. numbercattle decreased by 16,2%, sheep and goats - by 19.3%, pigs
-na 17,1%, fell in the year 133,4 thousand head of cattle.
During the war the area reduced by one third (32.6%),area of all cereals - 38%, spring wheat - almost three times.
Some increase in the share of crops and industrial crops.
With all of this can decrease the value of high labor enthusiasm of the villagerepublic. Despite all the difficulties, the collective and state farms of the Bashkir ASSR for
1941 - 1945 years given the state of 160 million tons of grain for 1941-1944.all categories of farms were handed over to the State 382,2 thousand tonspotatoes, 54.5 thousand tons of vegetables, 980.7 thousand tons of meat, 3231 Thousandshectoliters of milk was also harvested a lot of butter, lard, honey andother agricultural products.
For achievements in agriculture and the production of more than 300 farmers,employees of state farms and MTS were awarded orders and medals of the Soviet
Union, thousands of advanced workers were awarded with medals "For Valiant Labor inDuring the Great Patriotic War. "In connection with the 40-th anniversary of Victory and Meritto ensure the Soviet Army and Navy during the war farm
Red Partisans "UchalinskiyDistrict awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of 1 degree. p>
4. Cultural construction.
Since the beginning of the war Ufa became a place of concentration of evacuees scientific --research institutions and universities. In the citypost the guide and most of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian
SSR, much of the scientific staff of the documentary and book funds
Institute of Marx - Engels - Lenin. Central Institute of AviationMotors. State Institute of High Pressure Narkomnefti.
Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology II
Mechnikov, Commissariat etc. Local evacuated and central researchkin-profile institutions work in close contact, regardless ofdepartmental, local power supplies are widely involved in the surveyregional commissions and task of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in the first placegreat importance in the development of defense production in the region hadPreparation Commission President USSR Komarov V.L complexresearch on the development of national economy of the Urals in the war.
Extensive investigations while in Bashkortostan in 1941 -1943 gg.launched a large group of scientists of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.
During the period of stay in Bashkir Ukrainian scientists have developedDozens of scientific problems. In the field of metallurgy was recommended newmethod for cobalt, being applied to aircraft Specialsgrade iron and steel, created at the Institute for the steel industry, widelyused in enterprises producing military 1shniku, bombs andshells. The same scientific team developed the original technologycalibration tube.
A major study conducted in the areaand medical staff of institutionsclinical (physiology, microbiology They have made an invaluable contribution torestoring the health of defenders of the Motherland. Enormous role, for example, playedserum Academician AA Bogomoletz to kill microbes in the wound,hemostatic agent vikasol Academician And in Paladin. Dozens of worksperformed the Bashkir Medical Institute researchers, including Professor
AA Polontsev. GV Alipov. IG Kadyrov, to focus attentiontreatment of severe gunshot wounds and injuries. Considerable practicalresults were obtained in other natural and technical sciences.
Parallel with the application continued fundamental theoreticalstudy.
Patriotic purposes of defending the socialist motherland has been subjectdeyatelnoct social sciences university of the republic. Bashkir nauchno -iccledovatelckogo Institute of Language and Literature. In connection with the expansionstate and the establishment there in 1944, the history of the sector, the institute was renamed theResearch Institute of History, Language and Literature.
M. Gafuri. His team has prepared and published pamphlets and collections ofSeries front and rear. "Library of the Red Army." Among them -
"Patriotic War", "Hero of the Civil War Shagit Hudayberdin",
"Bashkir cavalry in the war of 1812", "Salavat Yulayev and others
continue its current 30-ies of work on lexicography,Folklore, programming and textbooks on the Bashkir language andliterature for schools taking part in continu nsh step forward in the development of the Bashkirliterature was a book AI Kharisova "Theory of Literature. Militaryhas left a bright trace in the spiritual life of the republic. Gained richexperience, increased local scientific staff, improved their professional level
In early 1945, the number of doctors compared to 1939 yearincreased 6 times, candidates for 12 times. By the beginning of the war in Bashkir ASSRare 7 institutes: Bashkir pedagogical, agricultural,Medicine, Institute of Foreign Languages in Ufa, the three teachers' institutein Ufa, Sterlitamak and Birsk, in which students (full-time and correspondence) 3,3 thousandstudents. In Bashkiria continued to work several evacuees universities. WithOctober 1941 to August 1943 in the classrooms of the BashkirMedical Institute on 1-st Moscow Order of LeninMedical Institute. In 1942, on the basis of the evacuated Rybinskaviainstituta created Ufa Aviation Institute, Ordzhonikidze Insame year, was evacuated to Moscow Ufa Petroleum Institute, IN Gubkin.
First, he functioned as the Ufa branch of the Moscow Institute, and in
1948 began to be called Ufa Petroleum Institute. In 1941-43gg. in
Housed Sterlitamak Moscow Library Institute. Since BirskyTeachers' Institute merged Pedagogical Institute, evacuated fromcity of Orel.
Despite all the difficulties, higher educational institutions over the years produced 2.2 thousandhighly skilled specialists. By the beginning of 1945 - 1946 academic yearinstitutions of the republic were enrolled 6,1 thousand people, t e is almost twice asthan before the war.
specialists secondary education taught in 58 schools and colleges,which is attended by 16 thousand people. Among them, 13 teaching, 6Agricultural, 5 medical, aviation, exploration.steel, etc. During the war years in secondary special educationschools were trained about 6 thousand specialists. In the worstworking conditions of public schools.
Literature of the republic of the war years was a brilliant page of spirituallife. First months of the war, many writers of the republic. With Miftakhov, X
Karim, M Hay, A Valeev. H Karimov, C Coulibaly, F Amiri,
M. Karim, M Haris. M Abdullin, X, Kunakbaev and others went to the front. Somewriters worked in army units
The drama attempts were made to develop a historical themes, butthey were defeated CC, CPSU (b). which, in its ruling of 27 January
1945 "Status and measures making agitatsionnopropagandistskoy work
Bashkir party organization, brought them to the manifestation of nationalism withof individual writers of the republic.
heroism and courage of the fighting people are the focus of the newmusic by Soviet composers was developing singingcreativity Bashkir composers. In the patriotic education of workersplayed a significant role of the theater and the Bashkir gosudarS1 veinPhilharmonic
Theater presents new plays, meet wartime conditions in the yearsWar expanded concert activity of the Bashkir StatePhilharmonic.
of the theater, concert Brigade Bashkir StatePhilharmonic performs regularly with the performances and concerts in the call -settlements, military units, went to concerts at the front. Of the topartists from the Republic in 12 front-line teams, 9 of them consisted ofArtists Philharmonic. Suffice it to say that only in 1943, artistsPhilharmonic in the army gave more than 300 concerts.
Total frontage Brigade Theater and the Philharmonic, departed from Bashkiria,addressed the front-line soldiers of more than 1000 times. During 1941 - 1945 gg. onenlistment point army formations and units, hospitals 6ylo given 11Thousands of patronage concerts, 4 thousand of them - by amateur groups. p>
5. Assistance to the front and the liberated areas.
During the Great Patriotic War patriotism of the Soviet people was expressed instriving to provide all possible assistance to the fighting Army paint, to strengthen itspower. The forms of this patriotic movement was very diverse. Itprimarily to collect funds for the defense, for the construction of armored columns,air squadrons, artillery and other weapons, collecting warm clothing and a parcelgifts for soldiers, creating "health fund" for wounded soldiers,assistance to families and more veterans.
Many forms of assistance to the front received support from workers
Bashkir ASSR By October 1941 the population of the Republic of egg savingscontributed to the defense fund of 70 million rubles, a lot of gold and silver ornaments,Hundreds of thousands of tons of grain and others products. Everywhere, workers, employees,the arts and science withheld part of their earnings, farmers --labor-days earned in collective annual subscription was carriedgovernment borrowing during the war became the republic's population of 1,3billion rubles of bonds at 239 million rubles ticket money - duffelLottery
At the request of the workers, farmers and officials, community organizations BASSRthe state bank was to open 25 accounts for the transfer of funds for the constructionsquadrons of combat aircraft "Bashkir fighter", "25 years of Bashkir
USDA. Komsomolets Bashkiria. "Salavat Yulayev", "Bashkir oil man",
Beloretsk metallurgist, tank columns of "Teacher of Bashkortostan" and so
Total production of arms, military equipment for the Red Army and
Navy workers from the Bashkir ASSR received 255 millionrubles. p>
great defense and political significance was the popular movement forcollection of warm clothes and gifts for soldiers at the front on Sept. 5, 1941, Mr. CC
CPSU (B), supporting the nationwide initiative, adopted a special resolution
"The gathering of the population of warm clothes and linen for the Red Army." Therecollected tens of millions of warm clothes - coats, boots, hats,ushanok and GP. in which it was possible to feed and dress about 10 million soldiers in 1000cars with gifts were sent to the front.
collection of warm clothes for the soldiers and commanders of the Red Army turned in
Bashkortostan. All the years of war in the republic were collected over 83 thousand pairsboots, 21 thousand coats, more than 29 thousand cotton jackets and trousers, 3 thousandfur jacket. 35 thousand hats-ushanok, over 17 thousand pairs of underwear, warmsweaters and more than 100 thousand pairs of socks and stockings
Equally widespread was the movement for the collection and shipment to the frontgifts for 1941 - 1944 workers of the republic was sent to the currentmilitary hospitals and 362 car gifts great help to familiesOnly soldiers in July and December 1943 during dekadnikov familiesSoldiers were given 327 and repaired nearly 33 thousand apartmentsissued 1680 kg of meat, almost 30 thousand tons of grain and flour. 3,63 million tonspotatoes and vegetables, many textiles, footwear and clothing for familiessoldiers were identified and removed more than 400 thousand m3 of firewood, almostand a half thousand tons of coal and peat. Was established monetary fund help familiestroops in the amount of nearly 2 million workers of the republic tookactive part in the reconstruction of the liberated from Nazioccupation of parts
First of all, it was necessary to help return to their homesevacuated population. During 1941 - 1945 gg. from Bashkiria left forliberated areas more than 152 thousand people. Was established Republicancommittee, which guided the activities of the Party, government, economicand other organizations to help the liberated areas. Republicassumed patronage over the Voroshilovgrad area of the Ukrainian SSR and Stalingradand already 11 September 1943 in Voroshilov-grad went to the first echelonindustrial equipment and products to the end of the year sent more
90 Stall industrial equipment and materials. Collective and state farmsRepublic sent in Voroshilovgrad area 15 thousand horses, 18 thousandsheep, 9 thousand pigs. 7 thousand head of cattle, a largenumber of agricultural machinery.
large number of materials, equipment and other property wassent to Stalingrad, Kharkov and other cities. At the restoration
Stalingrad left the republic for 700 young volunteers.
Fraternal aid to the liberated areas was evidence of patriotismWorkers Bashkir Republic p>
6. In the battles for the Motherland
Warriors from Bashkiria participated already in the first battles of the war July 4, 1941city on the river Western Dvina into battle) 86 th Infantry Division,formed in Bashkortostan before the war. Retreating to a superiorenemy forces, it is destroyed in battle more than 5 thousand soldiers and officers,a lot of military equipment. Later, having received reinforcements, the division hasparticipation in major combat operations, was awarded three medals,received the honorary title of "Brest" in the defensive battles of summer 1941city also participated in 170 th Infantry Division, which differed in the battlesunder the town of Veliko Luke. Nevel
Thousands of soldiers from Bashkiria - arrows, artillery, seas protected Minsk,
Kiev. Smolensk, Odessa. Sevastopol Mronzundskie island in the BalticSea, Leningrad. In October-November 1941, Mr. spare rifle and machine gunpart. stationed in the republic, was sent to Moscow, hundreds of cruisemouth, which is replenished fought divisions and regiments In addition, dozensthousands of soldiers, called up from Bashkiria, arrived on the Western Front in thecompounds, which were formed in Chelyabinsk. Sverdlovsk, Perm,
In the battles of Moscow, hundreds of our countrymen have shown examples of courage andcourage. Commissioner battery 289 Artillery Regiment, SM Yamaletdinov forcourage in repelling the tank attack, was awarded the Order
Lenin. The same award was given to medical orderly RV Shagiahmetov whichof Volokolamsk made from the battlefield about a hundred wounded and evacuated from the environmenthealth unit in the Cavalry Corps under General LM Dovatoracommit daring raids into enemy's rear, one of the regiments commanded by Colonel
Minigun Shaymuratov For courage and bravery shown in combat near MoscowHe was awarded the Order of the Red Banner (soon, in December 1941, he wasappointed commander of the emerging Bashkir Cavalry Division).
In advance of Soviet troops in the winter of 1941-1942. north-west of Moscow
(Kalinin Front) distinguished 361-th Infantry Division, formed in
Ufa. She broke through the heavily fortified defenses, caused himgreat damage. For the successful execution of combat missions 361 Panzer March 17
1942 was transformed into 21-Guards, hundreds of its soldiers were awardedorders and medals of the division then participated in many combat operations,received the honorary title "Nevelskaya"1942 - the beginning of 1943 in the Stalingrad battle involving severalformations and units established in Bashkortostan 214 Rifle Divisionfreed dozens of settlements and 2 February 1943 went to the Volga
January 8, 1943 south of Stalingrad, in the village of Don, the immortal featcarried out 13 fighters 44 th Guards Rifle Division. After taking two housesThey fought all day in an unequal struggle. The Germans surrounded the house of straw and besiegedThe guards continued to set fire to defend themselves, were killed in the fire. But the enemysurrendered. All of them posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union amongThey were our countrymen Bashkir Tooth Utyagulov (Beloretsky district) and Mari
Timiray Kubakaev (Kaltasinsky district) now known around the world the immortalfeat the ordinary Alexander Matrosov he committed 23 February 1943, under Mr.
Great Luizmi. At the critical moment he rushed to the enemy bunker andits grudyo closed his embrasure, ensured the success of the battle. He was awarded the title
Hero of the Soviet Union ever enrolled in the lists of 1-th company of 254-thGuards Regiment Such a feat performed later on other fronts, ourcountrymen Partorg company of marines Grigory Ovchinnikov (Barsky district) andmachine-gun platoon commander Komsomolets minigun Gubaidullin (Miyakinskyarea) in the city of Ufa, in the park stands the Victory Monument. A Matrosov, and M.
Gubaidulina, who embodies the courage and bravery, combat fraternalfriendship of peoples
Thousands of soldiers in the machine-gun and artillery regiments, formedin Bashkortostan, and other units, participated in the defense of Leningrad andbreak its blockade of the 120 th Mortar Regiment, for example. fought under
Leningrad, Novgorod, Pskov and the Baltic countries, has completed the combat path to
Germany. For success Regiment awarded the Order of Kutuzov and Alexander Nevsky
1097-th gun artillery regiment fought on the Volkhov front, forMilitary Merit awarded the Order of the Red Banner of 144 th Mortar Regimentawarded the Order of the Red Banner and Alexander Nevsky, received an honoraryname "Ropsha"
Thousands of soldiers and officers have shown courage and bravery in battle on the Dnieper
The commander of a tank platoon in Valentin Pashirov (with Kushnarsnkovo) destroyed 10firing points, a company of soldiers of the enemy but his tank was hit and the crewtried to capture Pashirov and his comrades were killed in the tank, but did not give in
D. Pashirovu rank 1 Hero of the Soviet Union artilleryman Stepan
Ovcharov, left alone with guns, knocked out 4 tanks of the enemy commandersapper platoon ufimets George Vetoshnikov boat under heavy fireHe shipped the men did not leave the boat and after the injury, has successfully completedtask command
Bashkir 112 (March 1943 16-Guards) Cavalry Divisionentered the first battle in early July 1942 so at the Bryansk Front. Onfinal stage of the war in the spring of 1945, the division participated in
Berlin operation, was awarded the Order of Kutuzov 2 nd degree 58 th and 60 --Guards cavalry regiments were awarded the Order of Suvorov 3rddegree, 62-th Guards Cavalry Regiment - the Order of Alexander Nevsky,
148 th Artillery and Mortar Regiment - the Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 3rddegree. Results from July 1942 until the war was over 3 thousand soldiers of the BashkirCavalry Division have received military awards, 76 the most courageous (Mrs.
Heroes of the Soviet Union's military successes of the division 15 times were observed inorders of the Supreme Command
All divisions and regiments, created in Bashkortostan, participated in combat operations
1944 - 1945 gg. 1292 First anti-tank artillery regiment named after Salavat
Yulaeva in the first battle near Zhitomir knocked out 50 tanks, destroyed up to 300soldiers and officers. The summer of 1944 the regiment, taking part in the offensive, crossed the riverVistula, strengthened in the bridgehead, destroyed about 20 tanks, self-propelled gunsand mortar batteries. In January 1945, participated in the battles for the liberationPolish cities, has completed its combat history in Germany. From December 1943 tothe end of the war the regiment destroyed 80 tanks, 50 guns, 25 vehicles, killed andinjured about 2 thousand soldiers and officers Hundreds Bashkir Gunnersreceived government awards
on Polish soil immortal deed was a tank commander Deylegey
Nugumanov (Sterlitamakskij district). He was on his tank, flames,rammed an enemy tank. blew it with him, was awarded the title Hero
More than 10 of our brave countrymen were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union forcrossed the Oder in Germany, among them-A.Z. Gaifullin, M C Pinsky, E O
Ors, H D Ca?? Institute and others
In February 1945, during the fighting in East Pcountry, the title of Hero of the Soviet
Union was awarded the squadron commander 1 st Guards assaultAir Division Mousse Gareeva. His combat history began in 1942 under
Stalingrad, and then he stormed enemy positions in the Crimea. Ukraine,
Belarus. Lithuania, Poland. Germany, destroyed a large number of combatequipment and manpower. His military experience is an example forMany pilots division. In April 1945, the high title of Hero wasawarded him a second
In 1944 - 1945 gg. bravely beat the enemy artillery Hanif Abdrakhmanov
(Alsheevsky district) His exploits are marked with the Order of Glory of three classes CNovember 1943 r to the end of the war full of cavaliers Order of Glory Steel 35our fellow countrymen - soldiers and junior commanders, among them A G Alibaev, I D
Costin, YA Larin, AG Nisa HA Sulganov, VM Varfolameev, TZ
One of the most active member of the underground work in Mr. Stavropol became a lawyer
Claudia Abramova, a former garment factory worker Ufa She createdunderground groups, and establish relations between them. In its denunciationarrested, tortured and demanded to name the underground Nazis arrestedher two little girls, and promised to keep them alive, if it produceshis comrades in the struggle. But Abramov silent. Her young childrenfascists.
partisan group Dayan Murzin (Bakalinskij District), acting on
Ukraine in autumn 1944 was moved to Czechoslovakia to help the guerrillas.
Here D. Murzin become commander of the Czechoslovak Partisan Brigadethe Jan