category: Medicine, health

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eye saw

Elena Yatsenko, Olena Hanpira

Diseases eye - always a relevant topic for the pharmacy. By age, metabolic disorders, infections in recent years been augmented by the computer, the total air pollution as well as various harmful for the body of radiation, and all these "popular" factors devastating impact on our vision contemporary. Let's talk about the most common diseases and how combat them.

Cataract

First Statistics on the cause of sight loss in older people (over 55) -- cataracts. This disease is characterized by partial or complete clouding lens, the inner part of the eye responsible for focusing light rays. With cataract lost the sharpness and clarity of vision. Distinguish congenital, acquired, complicated and - most common - senile cataracts.

Lens eyes normally transparent, has no blood vessels and nerve fibers. With age and number of eye diseases in the supply of intraocular fluid accumulates products exchange, have a toxic effect on the lens. Power lens violated, it may become cloudy, cataract is formed.

Signs Cataract:

-- multiple vision of objects;

-- white "film";

-- blurred vision in the twilight;

-- image distortion;

-- sometimes a sharp rise in intraocular pressure, accompanied by strong pain in the eye;

-- reduced visual acuity;

-- appearance or increase in myopia (if the cataract primarily related to clouding of the lens center).

To not to resort to radical, surgical intervention, at the initial stage disease used containing vitamins and trace minerals drops. When

senile, myopic, radiation and contusion cataract designate Vita-Yodurol (Novartis, Switzerland), ophtalmological i. Katahrom (Santen, France), stops the development of cataracts Katalin (Takeda, Japan). In senile, traumatic and congenital Cataract used Kvinaks (Alcon, Belgium).

dry eye syndrome

Signs dry eye syndrome:

feeling foreign body ( "sand") in the eyes;

burning;

itching;

dryness;

photophobia;

fast fatigue when reading, watching TV, the pain in his eyes;

vague image (after smargivaniya restored). By

Statistics, 75 percent of people older than 60 years has been dry eye syndrome.

disease, which patients are not always suspected seek medical attention. It seems a simple consequence of fatigue, even if a person is plagued by pain in his eyes, apparently He looks quite healthy.

Syndrome dry eye - a condition manifested in inadequate wetting of the cornea and conjunctiva. It can be self-pathology or one of the main manifestations certain diseases.

Surplus lacrimation seen in cases where the cause of dry eye syndrome is not the absolute lack of tears, and violation of her qualitative composition.

Tears protect the eyes from drying, germs, dust and so forth. Balance wetting - drying out may disrupt a number of reasons: a large load eyes when reading and working at the computer (at this time, as when reading, people blink three times less often than usual), smoking, air pollution, wearing contact lenses, lack of vitamins, women - menopause, pregnancy, breast-feeding. Sometimes it is a reaction to some medication (analgesics, antidepressants, diuretics, oral contraceptives (the last alter the quality of the tear fluid) and so on.). Contribute to the emergence this syndrome and chronic conjunctivitis (allergic, hlamidiozny) and Sjogren's disease.

In a result of tear film covering the surface of the eye has time to dry before that time, as ever, batting again, moistening the eyeball.

For treatment of dry eye syndrome are different ways conservative treatment, including prolonged slezozameniteli on gel-based mechanism of action of which is to build on the surface of the cornea stable tear film: Since the drug acts Oftagel (Santen, France), representing a non-linear polymer of acrylic acid, which has the ability to interact with a layer of mucin on the corneal epithelium. This contributes to a stable thickened tear film on a long time.

Eye gel Vidisik ? ( "End of Bausch Lomb, Germany) suitable for the treatment of manifestations of the syndrome of "dry eye". Vidisik ? has excellent thixotropic properties - each closing century medicine passes into the liquid phase, and then re-structured into a gel. Preparation of long-term holding liquid on the surface of the eye. This ensures high viscosity of the gel which is longer than any other liquid remains on the surface of the eye apple. The gel is based on the three polymers of acrylic acid, each of which has a different solubility in water. This allows maximum approximately reproduce the lachrymal fluid. RN Vidisik ? and is 7,3, that identical to the pH of tear fluid. As a preservative used in the preparation 0,01% cetrimide - a safer preservative, does not destroy the lipid layer natural tear film. Tube Vidisik ? and is designed in such a way that when using the drug does not enter into the air and excludes the possibility microbial contamination of drugs. Efficacy and safety Vidisik ? and confirmed by numerous clinical studies. Vidisik ' " used in the world for more than 20 years. On 's market is the only drug in the form of a gel for the treatment of the syndrome of "dry eye". When

progression of the disease often occurs mucosal damage eyes. In such cases, rational drug use, which together with moisture will improve the regeneration of epithelial cells. This drug is Korneregel ? ( "End Bausch Lomb, Germany). Korneregel ?-is Vidisik ? + Panthenol. The prefix denotes the deck dextrorotatory form pantothenic acid, which is biologically active and contributes regeneration of the epithelium of the eye.

Drops "Natural tears" ( "Alcon, USA) are unique drug, because they contain chemically and biologically inert components, very similar to human tears. "The natural tears" can also recommended for extension and / or removal of stimuli from the other eye drops. The drug can be used for a long time without causing complications, as the onset of symptoms - it acts very quickly. Worth noted that as a preservative in the sample used chloride benzalkonium, which has an antiseptic effect, which is important when dry eye syndrome, when there are conditions for lung infection.

eye infection

Infections eye (blepharitis, dakrioadenit and dakriotsistit, conjunctivitis, keratitis, etc.) often only occur as a complication of various infectious diseases (gonorrhea, septicemia, diphtheria, scarlet fever, adenoviral infections, sore throat, pneumonia, nasopharyngitis, caries, influenza, measles, mumps, etc.) or as a primary process that develops against the background of severe general disease (diabetes, leukemia, alcoholism, etc.), eye injuries, irrational use hormones, antibiotics, immunosuppressants, radio and X-ray and even extended wear contact lenses. Development of eye infections and contribute to immune deficiency, impaired patency of lacrimal duct, reducing bactericidal activity of tear fluid, air pollution.

Pathogens infection enters the eye from adjacent infected organs, skidding to: I have blood lymphoma, with his hands, a towel, along with drugs and even apparatus for the study and treatment of eye-So, blepharitis (inflammation of the edges century), often caused by golden staphylococcus and epidermal, rarely -- Candida, Proteus and others DaTfiotsistit (inflammation of the lacrimal gland) and dakrioadenit (inflammation of the lacrimal sac) is caused by staphylococcus, pneumococci, streptococci, conditionally bacteria, etc.

most common diseases, conjunctivitis and keratoconjunctivitis, there due to the activity of adenoviruses, herpes simplex virus, gonococci, and so on. The virus does get to the mucous membrane of the eye - conjunctiva, in 7-10 days causes its inflammation. First one eye is affected, and a few days and other. The mucous membrane of the eye becomes red, swells, there are unpleasant feeling cramps, burning, and lacrimation. The danger of this disease that proceeds it is relatively easy, and because of inadequate, improper treatment can be complicated. Keratoconjunctivitis develops when inflammation extends to the cornea. Very swollen eyelids. If the centers of the cornea, vision may be reduced by 30-40 percent and even more. In some patients due complications suffered iris and ciliary body. At this stage there iridocyclitis; it threatens a serious visual impairment. When

bacterial inflammatory diseases of the eye, you can use drops and ointments antibiotic. Their selection is large enough.

Antibiotic broad spectrum of action contained in the drug Floksal ? ( "Bausch End Lomb, Germany), it can be used practically in all infections. Indications are: blepharitis, barley, conjunctivitis, dakriotsistit, keratitis, corneal ulcer, chlamydial eye infection. Floksal "may used for the prevention and treatment of bacterial infections after eye injuries and surgeries. Floksal ? is available as drops and ointments. Another

drug from this group - Tsipromed ( "Promed Exports Pvt. Ltd.." India). Its active substance is to ciprofloxacin - an antibiotic widely spectrum. Available in the form of droplets. Among

seeking a doctor first place occupied by patients with infectious eye diseases. In , their number reaches 16 million people a year. Viral conjunctivitis - the most common inflammatory diseases of the eye. Because the viruses are transmitted by airborne droplets, often arise small epidemic within a family or a group.

Chronic inflammation

If within 2-3 weeks of inflammation is not completely eliminated, it means that disease has become chronic. In such cases the body to help the local immunomodulators.

Poludan (Lance-Pharm, ) has a pronounced antiviral and immunomodulatory activity and stimulates the formation of mostly alpha-interferon, to a lesser extent - beta-and gamma-interferon. Specially

for the treatment of chronic blepharitis (chronic blepharitis cause development of various eye diseases: conjunctivitis, barley, regional keratitis - and distinguished by persistent current) in recent years developed drugs on the basis of the gel. Unlike conventional medicinal agents (alcohol with ether, ihtiolovaya ointment, etc.). they do not irritate effects on the eye and more efficient: these are drugs Blefarogel-1 and 2 (Geltek, ). Both the gel that are based on hyaluronic acids, are soft and delicate texture and do not cause irritation and allergic reactions. One of the components that make up the bluff-rogel-2, is sulfur. When applied to the skin forms a sulfur and sulfides pentationovuyu acid, which provides antimicrobial and antiparasitic action.

drug, acting as an activator of protective properties of the organism and therefore provides no side effects - a new word in ophthalmology. Therefore creators Aktipola, scientists of the Institute of Developmental Biology Academy of Sciences, called his invention breakthrough in drug therapy of diseases of the eye (the drug has received special prize for the original invention of 51 th World Exhibition of Innovation, science developments and new technologies "Brussels Eureka 2002"). Aktipol studied for 10 years, his research focus on doctoral and two Ph.D. dissertation. Aktipol used to treat:

-- viral eye infections (including herpes);

-- injuries and burns, eye tissue;

-- visual fatigue syndrome;

and also to reduce the time to adapt to contact lenses and their comfortable wear.

Preventive tools

Target prophylactic drugs to prevent myopia, development cataracts, retinal degeneration, - strengthen eye tissues, adequate blood supply and development of the necessary materials. Therefore preventive medications contain vitamins and minerals that contribute support of view "in tone, as well as special components that not produced by the body itself and come only through food (with age, due to changes in metabolism, body shortages that affects vision). So

way affects the eye tissues new vitamin-mineral complex "Focus" ( "Akvion"), developed by MRI of Ophthalmology them. Helmholtz. The creators of this BAA argued that "Focus" contains all active ingredients necessary for vision. Bilberry strengthens capillary walls, improves blood supply to the eye, protects the eyes carotenoids (beta-carotene, lutein and lycopene) neutralize free radicals and act as filters: protect the eyes from ultraviolet radiation, vitamins A, B2, C, E and zinc have powerful antioxidant activity, as well as participate in the perception and transfer of visual signals and normalize the power of eye tissues. Significantly, that the vitamin complex enclosed booklet with exercises that support the delivery of active substances to the eyes, and a table for testing view: a good proposal for the client pharmacies.

Jobs at close range (reading, writing, working with the computer) helps lengthening of the eyeball, and the weak some people the nature of outdoor covering of the eyeball (sclera) does not provide adequate resistance to this. So developing myopia.

drug Striks (Ferrosan, Denmark) was tested in the Department of Pathology retina and optic nerve of the Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases them. Helmholtz. Established that Striks significantly improves the condition of patients with peripheral chorioretinal dystrophy (degenerative changes in the retina and vitreous body, in some cases leading to the formation of retinal breaks and abruption), myopia (gradual decrease in visual acuity, appearance absolute and relative cattle), retinal pigment abiotrophy (hereditary disease in which there is damage neuroepithelium destruction of the retina with rods and cones, retinal fibrosis and hyalinosis and choroidal vessels).

Lotion eye "Blue drops" ( "Innoksa, France) used in medicine for more than 50 years. The structure consists of drops of water plant solutions cornflower, witch hazel, chamomile, elder and clover infusion. The drug shows no only with dry eye syndrome, but also for eye irritation by the sun, wind, dust, with the continued work at the computer. Drug has antiseptic, vasoconstrictor, and has a calming effect anti-inflammatory effect.

drug of for the prevention of such serious diseases as age-related macular degeneration () is Okuvayt Lutein ? ( "End Bausch Lomb, Germany), prevent and even stop the degeneration of the macula.

Macula - The central area of the retina, which focuses the light beam; violation it threatened primarily central vision. Presumably at loss of vision in this case affect the action of free radicals, when antioxidant system of the body weakens with age.

17 percent of the population of developed countries, ranging from 43 years of age suffer macular degeneration () - little known disease, often leading to complete loss of vision.

Okuvayt Lutein ? contains vitamins C and E, minerals zinc and selenium, as well as "shock portion "of carotenoids: zeaxanthin and lutein, which neutralizes free radicals. Available in the form of tablets containing microcapsules, which provides the best absorption in the intestine. The drug is tested clinically and trusted professionals.

Lutein Complex (Ecomir, ) operates in a similar manner: POMI?? of lutein he contains taurine, vitamins A, C, E, extract of blueberries, and has the same effect as a means of anti-oxidant that protects the eyes from aging.

Modern level of development of medicine can not only prevent but also stop development of eye diseases, and in some cases and return the old eyes health. It's enough to turn to a proven, effective modern means that experts recommend, some of them we introduced to you today.

References

Journal Pharmaceutical Review number 9, 2005


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