category: Medicine, health

Antidepressants (timoleptiki, timeretiki)

By fur. steps:

1. Inhibitor. MAO:
- Let.
(tetrindol, maklobemed, pirazidol)
- is irreversible.
(nialomid)
- Izbirat.
on (MAO A - hlorgilin, MAO B - deprenyl)

2. Inhibitor. Neira. capture:
- Izbirat.
(maprolin-N / A, fluvoxamine, serotonin)
- Neizbirat.
(transomid, azofen. imizin)

3. Mixed (pirazidol)

As the amount of farm. ef:

1. Timoleptin (imizin)

2. Timoerektik (nialomid, transomid)

3. Normal. ef. (pirazidol)

At the clinic:

1. Depression with psychosis (amitriptelin, nialomid)

2. Depression with neuroses (azofen)

Antiepileptic Wed-va:

At the clinic:

1. Large seizures epil. (karbomazepin, difenina)

2. Status epilepticus (nitrous oxide, diazepam, phenobarbital)

3. Small seizures (Trimethadione, etosuksemid)

4. Small clonus (p / n you're docked. Large seizures + clonazepam)

5. Psychomotor equiv-you (clonazepam)

By fur. Action:

1. P / n-thou GABA (barbiturates, benzodiazepines)

2. P / n you glutamate-ergic inhibitory processes (lamotrigine)

3. Preparations Na-stabilized. (difenina, lamotrigine, valproate Na)

4. Lock. Ca-channels of T-type (valproate Na, Trimethadione)

Fur. steps:

Valproate Na - activates glutomatdekorboksilazu and contribute. naopleniyu

GABA inhibits the GABA-transferzu.

Vigobatrin - irreversibly inhibits Dept., GABA-transferase (accumulation of GABA.

Protivoparkinsonicheskie Wed-wa:

1. Islands in the asset. Dopaminergic processes
- precursor DOPA-DOPA
- an increase in DOPA syn / crack - Midanton
- DOPA D2 receptor stimulation - Lizurin
- MAO inhibitors-deprinil

2. in-va depressants Cholinergic processes - tsikladol

Prep. kup. court. differences. kinesis Wed-va:

1. Wed-wah for anesthesia - nitrous oxide, oksib-Na

2. Muscle relaxants - atropine, labelin

3. Tranquilizers - Sibazon, nitrozipam

4. Neuroleptics

5. MgSO4

We-wah influence on blood coagulation:

Step-up svert.:

1. Agreganty
- natural.
Factors (tromboksin, salt, Ca,)
- influence the vessel.
system

2. Coagulants
- The natural.
factors (direct action - thrombin, non. action - Vikasol)
- fullscreen.
blood viscosity (Zhelotin honey.)
- affecting the vessel.
wall (nettle leaves, bark Kalina)

3. Antifibrinoliticheskie (Ambino to ta-aminocaproic)

Lowering svert.:

1. Antiagreganty (for fur. Action)
- Inhibitors tsiklooksikinazy to-ta atsetilsolitsil.
- Activators adenylyl cyclase (prostotsiklin)
- inhibition.
fosfodiasterazy dipyridamole.
- Different types of action (Anturan)

2. Anikoagulyanty
- Local - Gerudin, Heparin
- System - neodikumarina, sinkumarin

By chem. structure (derivatives indandiona - Fenilin, derivatives
sinkumarina - neodikumarina, sinkumarin)

3. Fibrinolytic (streptokinase, urokinase, Streptoliaza)

Wed-va affecting hematopoiesis:

The influential erythropoiesis:

1. Enabling
- When hypochromic anemia (Application) (in / in-Ferumlek, inside ferumlaktat)
- When hyperchromic anemia (megoblastnaya - tsianokobolamin, macrocytic - folic a-ta)

2 . Oppressing - rr NaPO4 labeled with phosphorus 32.

The influential leucopoiesis:

1. Stimulant - pentoxyl, Na nucleinate

2. Oppressing - Mielosan, dopa.

Antihypertensive Wed-wa:

neurotropic:

1. Calming CNS (snotv. Fenobarbiturat, Sedat. Bromides Motherwort, benzodiazepine tranquilizers)

2. Reduced. koteholamin:
- Center (Wed-va Reduced tone vozomotornogo Center - clonidine, Metildofa)
- Peripherals (Wed-va vegetative ganglion block - Benzogiksony, Gigrony; simpatolitiki - Aktodin, Reserpine, cp-va oppressed. adrenoceptors --

a / b (post and presinapt - Fentalomin, Trapofen), 1 a / b-prozazin,

a / b (neizbirat. - Anaprilin) and B (izbirat. -

Labetplol, metaprolol) a / b - tolenalol)

Myotropic:

1. expanded. resistive vessels (Apresin)

2. expanded. resistive and capacitive vessels (Na nitroprusside)

3. spasmodicals miatropnogo action (Dibazol, magnesium sulfate)

4. Wed-va block. Ca channels (Finigedin, Verapomil)

Influence the renin-AS:

1. He is the real. on renin its release (Inderal)

2. Inhibitors of the synthesis of A II (captopril)

3. Block. angiotensinic recipe. (saralazin, lazartan)

Influence in the exchange-C: (dihlotiazid, Furosimid, Spirolakton)

Antianginal Wed-va:

1. reduced. need for O2 and carried away. Kr.
- Arr.
nitrates (Erin trinitrolong, nitrong, nitroglycerin)
- BMKK (Verapomil, diltiazem, fenigidin)

2. reduced. need for O2 and reduces the heart (a / b)
- Izbirat.
Dei. - Anaprilin,
- Neizbirat.
Dei. - Talinalol, Metapralol

3. fullscreen delivery of O2 to the myocardium
- Coron.
ext (papaverine, dipyridamole, No-spa)
- a / m (oksifedrin)

Diuretics:

The primary inhibitor. reabsorb. Na (by khim. P-pe):

1. Manuf. sulfonamides (diakarb; thiazides - dihlotiazid, tsiklometiltiazid; netiozidnye - furosimid, klapamid)

2. Manuf. dihlorfenilouksusnaya to-ta - ethacrynic

3. Manuf. pyridine - triamterene

4. Manuf. pirazinilguanidina-amiloride

5. Manuf. xanthine - eufelin

Osmaticheskie diuretics (beckons, Urea)

Kislotoobr. Diuretics - (ammonium chloride)

Antogonisty aldesterona - (Spironalakton)

Potassium savers - (amiloride, Spironalaston, triamterene)

Vegetation. prep. With-s diuretic (Fruits mozhevelnika,
birch buds, leaves of bearberry)

For the duration of diuretics are divided:
- Short (furasimid, beckons to-ta etakrilovaya)
- Medium (dihlotiazid, eufilin)
- Durables (spironalakton, oksadalin)

Lek. Wed-wah, is the real-s to reduce cancer:

1. Prep-you incentive. rhythmic. reduction. uterus (oxytocin, pituitrin, dinoprost, dinoprostone)

2. We-wah stimulus. uterine tone: alk-ing and teacher. ergot.

3. Prep. oppressed. rhythmic. reduction. uterus (Tocolytic - fenosterol, Na oksibuterat, salbutamol)

4. Prep. oppressed. tone of the cervix (atropine sulfate, dinaprost, dinoprostone)

Vitamin teacher.:

Water-soluble vitamins:

- Thiamine bromide, chloride, Thiamine B1 - are coenzymes dekorboksilazy

(Okislit. dekorboksilirovaniya ketakislot; yavl. Kofementom translektazy (
pentofosfatnye path decomposition of glucose;

Apply: hypovitaminosis, neuritis, neuralgia, paresis, lumbago, skin.
ill, beriberi, gastrointestinal pathology, pathology of SCA.

- Riboflavin B2 - (mech is the real. - Interacts with adenosine triphosphoric to -
and forms of the flavin mononucleotide and flavinadeninnukleotid. Latest
yavl. prosthetic groups of coenzyme flavin-protein and participate in
transfer of H2 and regulate IAD.

Apply: konyuktevity, iritis, gomeralopii, sprue.

- K-ta nicotinamide, Nicotinamide PP - yavl. prosthetic groups, Fe
kodegidrazy kodegidrazy I and II - yavl. vectors of hydrogen in the IAD.

Kodegidraza II in phosphate transfer.

Apply: pellagra.

- Calcium pontotenat B5 - is part of koferm. A (potsess acetylation
oxidation. And in the synthesis of acetylcholine. Stimulates corticosteroids.

Apply: polyneuritis, eczema.

B6-Pyridoxine hydrochloride - in the body is phosphorylated (pyridoxal 5 --
phosphate (in the Fe which Pr-o rekarboksilirovanie and pereaminirovaniya
amino acids. Participates in the exchange of tryptophan, methionine, cysteine. Participates
in lipid metabolism.

Apply: anemia, leykopinii.

- Tsianokobolamin B12 - transformations. in coffee adenozilkobalomin (active form of B12

(Factor hematopoiesis growth. Activates prothrombin (thrombin (clot

- K-ta folic BC - In the liver becomes tetrogidrofolievuyu to-tu (
transfer one-carbon groups (synthesis of purines (Amino nucleic to-t).

- K-ta ascorbic With application: gemorogicheskie diathesis, nasal / pulmonary
krovotech., liver disease, nephropathy.

- Rutin, Quercetin R - Application: hypovitaminosis, avitominoz, illness
eye, burns / wounds, eczema, rickets, Mts. gastritis, cirrhosis of the liver.

Side effects: drowsiness, lethargy, g / b, nausea, higher t, vomiting, pain
in the legs, sweating, flushing, worsened. Mts. pankreotitov.

Fat-soluble vitamins:

- Retinol Acetate, cod liver oil a

- Ergocalciferol D2

- Fish Oil D3

- Tocopherol acetate E - Antioxidant. Inhibits lipid peroxidation

(Their accumulation in the body.

Apply: Mouse. dystrophy, dermatomyositis, violation of menstruation, disturbed.
gonads, psoriasis, dermatosis, disease CAS.

- Vitamin K1

St. vomit.:

1. stimulates. A2 r-ry starting zone: morphine, apomorphine g / x

2. Reflect. : Thermopsis, CuSO4, ZnSO4, veratrum alkaloid

Zhelochegonnye Wed-va.:

1. Bile acids and their salts: a-ta dehydrocholic (hologon, halatol)

2. Prep. bile: pills "Holenzim?

3. Prep. grow. origin.: holosas

4. Synthetic prep.: Oksafenamid (osalmid).

Laxatives Wed-wah.:

Mineral in the islands: Saline laxatives (magnesium sulfate, sodium sulfate)

Organic in the islands:

1. Plant origin (vegetable oil - kostorovoe; Prep. Containing antraglikozidy - buckthorn extract liquid / dry tablets rhubarb, senna leaf infusion)

2. Synthetic Wed-va: phenolphthalein, izafenin.

Cementing Wed-va.:

Organic: Tanin, decoction of oak bark

Inorganic: Lead acetate, bismuth nitrate basic, alum, zinc oxide,
zinc sulfate, copper sulfate, silver nitrate.

M-N x / m: Acetylcholine, Karbaholin

M x / m (muskarinomimeticheskie Wed-wah): Pilocarpine g / x, Atseklidin.

N s / m (nikotinomimeticheskie Wed-va): tsititon, lobeline r / x.

M-N x / b: tsiklodol

M x B (anticholinergic): atropine sulfate, platifillina gidrotartrat,

Scopolamine hydrobromide, metatsin.

H x B:

1. Ganglioblokiruyuschie Wed-va: benzogeksony, Pentamino, gigrony, pirilen, arfonad

2. Curariform Wed-wa (muscle relaxants pereferich. He is the real.): Tubocurarine chloride, pancuronium bromide, pipekuroniya bromide, ditilin.

Anticholinesterase Wed-va: neostigmine methylsulfate, phosphacol, physostigmine salicylate,
galantamine hydrobromide.

We-wah for anesthesia:

1. We-wah for inhalation anesthesia (volatile liquid in the Islands - ftorotan, ether for anesthesia, in Gaseous Islands - nitrous oxide)

2. We-wah for neingalyatsionnogo anesthesia (propanidin, sodium oksibuterat, ketamine, hexenal, thiopental sodium)

Hypnotics Wed-wa:

1. With anxiety. hypnotic Dei-em: (nitrazepam, Sibazon, fenozipam)

2. Snotvor. with narcotic type
- Heterocyclic compounds (phenobarbital, etaminal Na, geksobarbital)
- Aliphatic compounds (chloral hydrate, bromizoval)

Non-narcotic analgesics:

1. Preparations solitsilovoy to-you (to-ta-acetyl soletsilovaya, methyl salicylate)

Fur. He is the real. - Inhibition of cyclooxygenase (inhibition of synthesis
Prostoglandin (increased pain threshold and pinizhaetsya piragennoe deysvie on
Thermal Center (vasodilatation (increased sweating (
zharoponizhenie.

Fur. He is the real. - Inhibition of hyaluronidase (decreases vascular permeability (
No edema (protivovospalit. ef-t.

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