category: Music

Teaching children to play children's music tools


Modern research suggests that the development of music abilities, forming the foundations of musical culture must begin in preschool.

Music development provides irreplaceable impact on the overall development: formed emotional sphere, improved thinking, the child is sensitive to beauty in art and life. Only by developing emotions, interests, tastes child, you can attach it to the musical culture, to lay its foundations. Preschool is extremely important for the further mastery of musical culture. If in the process of musical activities will be formed musical-aesthetic consciousness, it will be consequences for subsequent human development, its overall spiritual formation.

Music activities include not only the perception of music, but also moderate children performance, based on the experience of perception - singing, playing musical instruments, musical-rhythmic movements. Through singing, playing musical instruments can be developed other musical ability - the ability to present and play a height of musical sounds in the melody. The development of this ability involves mental operations: comparison, analysis, comparison, remembering - and thus affects not only music, but also on the overall development of the child.

initiator teaching children to play musical instruments already in the 20-ies. became known Musicians and teacher NA broom. He also originated the idea of organizing Children's Orchestra. NA Metlov spent a lot of work to establish and improving the design of children's musical instruments, with scale - glockenspiel and xylophone.

Game musical instruments - one of the types of children's performance. Application of children's musical instruments and toys (as in the classroom and in daily life) enriches the musical experience of preschool children, develops their musical abilities.

In Togo, playing musical instruments, develops the will and desire to achieve goals, imagination.

Teaching children to play children's music tools

Introduction Children with musical instruments begins at an early age. Early musical training plays a significant role in the musical development of the child, but it must be in a form accessible and interesting for young children age. One can not take into account the degree of preparedness for such occupations as teaching play instruments that require considerable attention from the children, concentration, awareness and physical maturity. First musical impressions teacher tries to give the children in an entertaining game format. Education begins with a group of percussion instruments that do not have the scale. Classes are held with small groups of children and individually. Advisable use of musical instruments and in everyday life, to secure a guys get the feeling of the rhythm of music.

In second youngest group of children already can play the tambourine, wooden spoons, dice, rattles, musical hammer, drum, bell. This age they become acquainted with the glockenspiel.

First you start with children learning the melody to the glockenspiel, an adult himself be several times competently perform the tune on the glockenspiel, children listen. Then show them that would, for some plates and how many times have hit. Just remember the whole tune is hard, learns her best parts example to learn solo songs, and when the child will absorb it, to show how to play chorus or the first part of the melody, then - the second. You can rotate the game teacher to child performance: solo playing educator, and child on another glockenspiel - the chorus, or vice versa. It is desirable that the child, having learned part or all of a piece of music, filled him with a tutor (two glockenspiel).

Classes on learning to play the glockenspiel are conducted with children individually.

For performance on metallofon initially taken some simple and familiar to children melody. In this case, they hit the plates, not mechanically, but all the time regulate hearing its own performance. Striking the wrong plate, the child hears error trying to fix it.

Other essential condition for the choice of works - the structure of melody. Sounds melody should be located close to each other, larger intervals for the game difficult for children. Play melodies, built on a sound, it is inappropriate, and uninteresting children.

In middle group first began to teach children to play musical instruments, of scale. Most convenient for the glockenspiel. It is quite easy to treatment does not require constant adjustment as the stringed instruments. Children already familiar with the timbre of the instrument, playing techniques. There

several ways to learning to play the melodic musical instruments: for notes on color and digital signs, by ear.

Education Children play the notes very difficult, although sometimes used in practice. Not all pre-schoolers acquire music literacy, if not conducted constant individual work. It is important that children understand the connection location notes on the stave with the sounds of the melody, excluding motor reproduction note signs.

Color system prevailing abroad, is convenient for the rapid acquisition of children playing instruments. Mark certain color (colored keys plate glockenspiel) is assigned to each sound. Child has a record ringing in the color notation: Use colored circles or color music videos, with rhythmic notation and without it. Playing on this system very easy, but with this method of play (see green sign notes - hit the on the green button) rumor is not involved in playing a melody, a child plays mechanically. Similarly

way children are taught to play by the numbers, stuck next to each plate glockenspiel, and writing melodies in numbered. Can be modeled and symbol duration (long and short sticks, etc.)

Digital system proposed in the 30-ies. NA Metlova, while perhaps a justified, but later became used less often, because it leads to mechanical ringing. Both

method of teaching children (with the use of color and digital oboznacheniy0 allow you to easily and quickly get the desired result, but do not have the developmental effekta6 too high in these methods share of mechanical reproduction melodies. Most

develops training effect is achieved only when playing by ear. This method requires continuous development of hearing, severe auditory training. Since younger it is important to encourage children to listen to the sounds of melodies compare them, distinguished by the height. To accumulate the auditory experience, develop auditory attention of children, teaching aids are used to simulate movement melody up and down on the spot. This musical ladder, sliding from flower to flower (note) butterfly, etc. Simultaneously, sings the sounds tones, corresponding to a simulated altitude of the relations of sounds. Can also show the hand movement sounds ringtones, while reproducing its (voice or instrument).

Methodology teaching children to play musical instruments by ear based on gradual expansion of the range of executable popevok. At first the child is melody, built on a single sound. Before you play the melody, he Listening to the performance of its music director, who first sang it, Calling attention to the fact that the melody sounds do not differ in height, then plays the glockenspiel and singing simultaneously. Singing of popevok allows children better present the direction of melody develops musical auditory presentation.

Children teach methods of sound production: the right to keep the hammer (it should be freely lie on the index finger, it only slightly hoard large) direct blow to the middle of the plate glockenspiel, not to delay the hammer at plate, and quickly shoot it (like bouncing a ball). When playing long notes. Hammer should bounce higher, short notes - lower.

When child plays the melody on a single sound, it must accurately reproduce rhythmic pattern. For this, PROPEVI melody with words, you can focus on the rhythm of poetry.

For awareness of the durations of sounds ringtones ratios applied to modeling with long and short sticks or notation used in the notation (quarter, eighth). To the children mastered rhythmic pattern melodies can, using the notation adopted, spread it on flanelegrafe. When This method is effective podtekstovki durations, passed in relative system: quarters indicates a syllable ta, a shorter eighth - the syllable ty. Widely used method prohlopyvaniya melodies or rhythmic pattern reproduction of his musical instruments.

After As children learn to transfer a rhythmic pattern of different tones, built on a sound, mastered the tricks of glockenspiel, you can into the game popevok at two adjacent sounds. To help children understanding of the location of sounds in height, apply named methods: reupload sounds-circles at different heights on flanelegrafe, singing of, showing hand movements melodies, teaching aids and games.

In , you can use the "mute" (drawn) on the keyboard glockenspiel: child shows her the location of sounds and the singing of "plays" melody.

In senior and preparatory school groups to the range popevok expands. Children already better oriented in the arrangement of sounds, melodies, operate more independently.

Teaching play musical instruments, the teacher should take into account individual opportunities for every child. Some children are fairly easy to pick popevki, with others need more detailed preparatory work.

After that as a glockenspiel is mastered, the children in the older and preparation for school groups learn to play the other melodic instruments - strings, brass, keyboard-reed. Every child can gradually learn the game on several musical instruments. It is useful to combine individual work with children and work to subgroups, as well as with the entire group. By

As children learn to play the glockenspiel, we can show them how used harps.

To children are easier to navigate to the location of strings, also use digital system - in the bottom of the harp strings placed under the paper strip with digits, with the number 1 corresponds to the sound of up to 1, etc. The harp playing mediator - a plastic plate with a pointed tip. Keep mediator have three fingers - thumb, index and middle, doing the movement with a brush right hand. For the convenience of playing the harp and better resonance instrument put a wooden table. Left hand slightly raise the children of the upper corner of the zither, keeping the elbow on the table. This is to ensure that the child is not tilted too low head and that he could see a digital representation of the strings. Sometimes

zither not keep order, splitting weaken. In this case, you have to fix the pins pieces of plywood. String replace cracked thin balalaechnymi strings.

For teaching preschoolers to play the accordion is best to use children chromatic accordion "Belarus". He wore the right side with 20 keys range up to 1 - sol2, left - four chords.

First than learning to play the accordion, should show children how to sit and hold the instrument. The child sits in a chair, taking up about half of the seats, feet on the floor. One strap accordion put on the middle right forearm, the other - the middle of the left. The first belt is longer, short strap on his left forearm attached instrument stability. Accordion set knee so that the left part of the body of an accordion and a bottle during Games supported by the left hand. Having mastered the game while sitting, the child can play and standing.

In kindergarten learn to play only his right hand, which lies freely on keyboard. During the game, children relate to the key pads of his fingers. Elbow omitted, the fingers bent. We must ensure that children do not play with one finger. For every melody indicated convenient location fingers (fingering). Playing two hands preschoolers difficult.

If child is difficult to play the five fingers of his right hand, at first can use chetyrehpaltsevoy system games: the thumb under the keyboard in natural position, like the accordion. When

learning to play the accordion take numbers, as in the glockenspiel, harp. The numbers applied to the upper part of the white keys. Gradually, the children stopped to watch on the figures are not looking to take muscular sensation. Accordion can not all children play, some guys at the same time hinders performance tunes fingers of his right hand and fanning the fur left.

When Children learn to play the accordion, more capable can be taught to play the wind tool. From

wind instruments is recommended to take harmonica horn "Melody-26. Y brass harmonica with piano keyboard 26 keys with a range of small si octave - under3. Tool holding his left hand, four fingers covered handle thumb rests on the back of the tool below. Mouthpiece take in mouth. Tool should be kept slightly tilted downwards. Left hand and elbow raised. The right hand takes the same position, the fingers slightly bent and move freely across the keyboard.

play five fingers, as the piano. First, you can use chetyrehpaltsevoy system, like the accordion. At the top of the white keys cause the numbers. When children are comfortable with the keyboard, the numbers can be removed. Sounds produced during game depends on the air stream. Blowing be without tension. After the game to remove the accumulated moisture. To do this, use a special valve: click the button on the back of the instrument and easily blow into the mouthpiece.

Development new instrument is recommended to start with already familiar popevok (one, two, three sounds), which children pick out after an acquaintance with the methods games, sound production methods.

It is important to the guys feel the expressive possibilities of new tools learned to use a variety of tone colors. In the older preschool age children are aware that with each instrument, even without the scale, you can send a specific mood. So

way, learning to play musical instruments includes three stages: on n e r a o m - children listen and catchy melodies, sings them, get acquainted with tricks on a t o r o m - pick popevki at t r e t i m e - execute them at will.


Metlov NA Music - children. - M.: Education, 1985.

Radynova OP, Katinene AI, Palavandishvili ML Music Education preschoolers. - M.: Education: Vlados, 1994.

Art Creativity in kindergarten, Ed. NA Vetlugina. - M.: Education, 1974.

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