After the First World ??War in Greece began a movement aimed at the liberation of the Orthodox ??Church from state custody, under which it was almost a hundred years. In ??December 1923 is the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Church, who published the main ??Law Autocephalous Church of Greece, under which altered all of its device. ??Church from that time headed the Council of Bishops, chaired by Athens ??Archbishop. Since the publication ??Basic Law Orthodox Church led a number of prominent Athenian ??Archbishops of which we briefly and explain below.

Archbishop ??Athens Beatitude Chrysostomos I (Papadopoulos) (1923-1938)

It occupies a prominent ??place in Greek theology. He has a higher theological education at Athens-sky ??Theological Faculty, as well as in Kiev and Petrograd Theological Academy. ??Before coming to the Department of Athens was a professor of church history at the Theological ??Faculty University of Athens. Posted by a number of valuable church histori-ing ??Proceedings: "History of the Jerusalem Church" (1910), "History of the Church of Greece (Athens, ??1920), "History of the Church of Alexandria" (Alexandria, 1935). He also wrote about the Church: ??Antioch. n, Serbian and Romanian. Under him in December 1923 was ??issued the Basic Law Autocephalous Church of Greece.

Archbishop ??Athens Blessed Feoklit II (Panagiotopulos) (1957-1962)

was born in 1890. ??Higher education in the University of Athens, after which he took ??ordained a priest. In 1931, ordained a bishop. Since 1944 - Metropolitan ??Patrsky, and in 1957-1962 years, the Archbishop of Athens. Over time, led by them ??Church of Greece and between the n Orthodox Church of Greece has repeatedly manifested ??feelings of mutual brotherly love ??and goodwill, as further discussed below.

Archbishop ??Athens Beatitude Chrysostomos II (Hatzistavru) (1962-1967)

Born in 1878 ??in Asia Minor. After successful graduation from the gymnasium on the island and most of the Theological ??school on the island of Halki in 1902, was adopted at the Faculty of Lausanne ??University. Staying in Switzerland, gave him the opportunity to establish good ??with believers of different faiths. Upon returning home, he was ordained ??the rank of archdeacon, and in 1910 - to the rank of bishop, vicar of the Metropolitan of Smyrna. ??In 1913, the Ecumenical Patriarch appointed him to chair the Metropolitan Philadelphia, ??and then transferred to the Metropolitan of Ephesus. During the administration of Philadelphia ??metropolis Chrysostomos for national liberation activities, was sentenced ??the death of the sultan's viceroy Rahmi Bey. Saved him from execution when vigorous ??intervention and the request of influential persons. The events in 1922, the tragic ??events in Smyrna coast led to the martyr's death of his teacher and ??patron of the Metropolitan of Smyrna. Metropolitan Chrysostomos himself and this time ??managed to avoid the fate of his Abba. He moved to Greece, where he was first defined ??to Veriiskogo department with the request to be the guardian of refugees from Asia Minor, ??and then in the same year was transferred to the newly metropolitanate philippic ??and remained in that position until his election to primatial Athens ??throne.

In 1961, the Metropolitan ??Chrysostomos, presided at the Pan-Orthodox Meeting of Rhodes. Then ??as he has established warm relations with the delegates from the n Orthodox ??Church.

In May 1967, after ??April coup, Archbishop Chrysostomos of the pressure of the new military government ??He was removed from the throne of Athens. In June 1968 he died.

Archbishop ??Athens Blessed Jerome (Kotsonis) (1967 -1973)

born on the island ??Tinos in 1905 in the family sailor. He was educated his pious mother, ??which was left a widow (her husband died six months before the birth of the child) ??entirely devoted herself to her son. After an excellent end Rizarevskoy school, he ??In 1924 he entered the Theological Faculty of the University of Athens, at the end ??he graduated with honors. Then he studied in Munich, Berlin, Bonn, Oxford, ??where he met with rimokatolicheskim, Reformed, and Anglican starokatolicheskim ??denominations and familiarized with the methodology of the European scientific theology. On ??home science education ended with his receiving the degree of Doctor of Divinity ??in 1940 at the Theological ??Faculty University of Athens. In the same year was ordained ??Athens Chrysanth priest (ordained deacon in 1939), appointed ??Secretary of the Holy Synod and the publisher of the official organ of the Greek Church ??"Ekklisiya. From these positions, he was suspended occupation government ??in November 1941. Even before the Greco-Italian war, he drafted ??establishment of the organization of the church help struggling people, and suggested that ??at the discretion of the Archbishop of Chrysanth. The latter instructed him to create an organization ??Worries about war, which later evolved into a national organization of Christian ??solidarity.

In the years of occupation ??He helped open kitchens, provides spiritual and material assistance to the sick, ??poor orphans. After the liberation of Greece from the occupiers Jerome services rendered ??fatherland and the Church, organized a "Dema epatrismu" (Soyuz return ??homeland "). Also led the movement to restore the destroyed temples.

In 1947, Jerome, ??as archpriest, was invited to the royal court and he has since been linked ??friendship with King Paul. Later he brought the King Constantine.

In 1950-1956 years ??Jerome was General Secretary of the Commission Liberation of Cyprus, led by ??Athens Archbishop Spyridon. In 1959 he was appointed full-time professors rum ??Canon Law and Pastoral Theology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, retaining ??however, the position of archpriest of the palace. Since 1952, he was a member of the Central ??Committee of the World Council of Churches and its other committees, an active ecumenical ??figure, which is particularly distinguished by its predecessor - the Archbishop Grisostomo. ??

May 11, 1967 ??Archimandrite Jerome was elected Primate of the Church. May 12 held its consecration ??in Bishop, and May 17 - Inauguration.

Archbishop Jerome ??Kotsonis was third after Procopius Ikonomidasa (1896-1901) and Grisostomo Papadopoulos ??(1923-1938) from among the professors of the University, he ascended to the Archbishop ??throne. It is the opinion of the Greek printed immediately after his election to the chair ??Primate, Jerome "differs in breadth and organization spirit, strict ??attachment to the traditions of the Orthodox Church. Characteristic is its im-shennaya ??poverty and constant presence in the cell at the monastery Petraki, whose brother ??he is.

He has published about ??90 theological works in the form of monographs or articles placed in magazines Feologiya " ??"Ekklisiya" and "Religious and Ethical encyclopedia.

enthronement of Archbishop ??Jerome was held in Athens Cathedral in the presence of members of the government, the Holy ??Synod and representatives of other Orthodox Churches, in particular the messenger of Constantinople ??Patriarchate, Metropolitan Meliton of Chalcedon.

Pan-Orthodox endeavor ??Archbishop connected with the establishment of the Theological Faculty of "In the name of the Holy Cross" ??in Jerusalem, as well as close and regular contacts between the Greek, Slavic ??Western and Local Churches, with thorough preparation pan-Orthodox ??Cathedral. Archbishop stressed that the relationship ??with the other Orthodox churches have become increasingly close under the guidance ??Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras: "The Orthodox Church must be a unified world ??and unified.

Turning to the circle ??ecumenical issues, Archbishop Jerome showed himself a champion of principle ??Christian reunification. He said that although the difference in the dogmas will exist ??for a long time, relations with non-Orthodox churches should be ??under the sign of "the spirit of Christian love and mutual respect", and should as ??with one or the other parties to avoid any kind had been proselytizing. ??

In conclusion, the Archbishop ??Jerome said that all proceeds of his diocese, he will give to the establishment ??hospitals for the clergy and to help victims of natural disasters.

From 8 to 11 June 1967 ??, Archbishop Jerome was on an official visit to Constantinople. ??During the meeting they talked about future relations with the Orthodox and Catholics. ??Generally, in the Greek press much has been written about the fruitful result of the visit. In ??particularly emphasized the unity of the directions of Constantinople and the Greek ??Churches in their work on the relationship with the Orthodox and the heterodox ??Churches. Both

Primate ??deliberated on matters of interest to both Churches, which takes place in the pan-Orthodox ??and vsehristianskom world is always in the unfolding events between the Mother Church ??and other fraternal Orthodox Churches, on the one hand, and with other Christian ??denominations, on the other, coming to full agreement on the issue further general ??course of the two Churches, for which they are responsible to history and its ??flock.

returning from ??Istanbul, the Archbishop said: "The Orthodox Church, located between the Roman Catholics ??and Protestants, can play in these matters (the Association of Churches), an important ??role ... The path to unity of the Church is very long and this question - very delicate. ??That's why - he added - need to exercise patience and caution. However ??However, if all the Orthodox Churches, headed by the Ecumenical Patriarch, will go ??forward in unity, guided by love and our traditional faith, as well ??hope to meet all gathered around the founder of the Church, we can move ??in this way a firm step.

Regarding liturgical ??practices should be noted that Archbishop Jerome shortly after his accession ??on the throne of Athens abolished mandatory monetary fee for sacraments ??baptism, marriage, funeral rites, etc. Henceforth, the believers had the opportunity ??to determine the amount of private donations for the commission of a mystery. ??

In December 1973 ??Archbishop Jerome resigned.

Archbishop ??Athens Blessed Seraphim (Tikas) (1974 - 1998)

Archbishop Seraphim ??(in the world Vissarion Tikas) was born in 1913 in the village Artesianon. Spiritual ??education received at the Theological Faculty of Athens University. In 1938 ??he was ordained deacon in 1942 - the priesthood, in 1949 consecrated ??as Bishop of Arta, and nine years later (1958) elevated to the rank of metropolitan Ioanninskogo ??(northwest Greece). During the Second World War, during the German occupation ??Greece, he participated in the national resistance, collaborating with the generals ??Gizikisom and Ioannidis, removing the 25 November 1973 the President of Greece ??Papadopoulos. Then he has established canteens for children of poor parents. ??In 1961, as a delegate of Greece Orthodox Church took part ??in acts first Pan-Orthodox Meeting in Rhodes, and visited ??Serbian Patriarchate.

On the occasion of inauguration ??Archbishop Seraphim of speech in which he expressed his prayerful wishes for health ??his predecessor at the throne of Athens, and noticed that the contribution of the Archbishop ??Jerome impartial assessment of future history. Referring to the program for its forthcoming ??church activities, Archbishop Seraphim said that he was primarily intended ??do placement within the world the Church of Greece. The newly elected Archbishop ??said that he also proposes to revise developed Archbishop Jerome ??Charter, to fill the vacant chair, to establish a new episcopal vicariate ??in the Athens area, to reorganize some of the church authorities (the church ??property, social security, etc.), and in the ecumenical - to strengthen ??position of the Church of Greece in the World Council of Churches and to take leadership ??positions in religious dialogue, in close cooperation with the Ecumenical Patriarchate. ??

List ??References

Denis Turan. ??Athens archbishops

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